2018.06.14 10:56

CentOS 6.x Mysql5.1.7 설치

1 사전 확인

[root@zetawiki ~]# rpm -qa | grep ^mysql-server
→ MySQL 서버가 설치되지 않았다.....

2 yum으로 설치

[root@zetawiki ~]# yum install mysql-server
... (생략)
===========================================================================================
 Package                  Arch             Version                    Repository      Size
===========================================================================================
Installing:
 mysql-server             x86_64           5.1.73-8.el6_8             base           8.6 M
Installing for dependencies:
 mysql                    x86_64           5.1.73-8.el6_8             base           895 k
 perl-DBD-MySQL           x86_64           4.013-3.el6                base           134 k
 perl-DBI                 x86_64           1.609-4.el6                base           705 k
Updating for dependencies:
 mysql-libs               x86_64           5.1.73-8.el6_8             base           1.2 M

Transaction Summary
===========================================================================================
Install       4 Package(s)
Upgrade       1 Package(s)

Total download size: 12 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
... (생략)
Installed:
  mysql-server.x86_64 0:5.1.73-8.el6_8                                                     

Dependency Installed:
  mysql.x86_64 0:5.1.73-8.el6_8             perl-DBD-MySQL.x86_64 0:4.013-3.el6            
  perl-DBI.x86_64 0:1.609-4.el6            

Dependency Updated:
  mysql-libs.x86_64 0:5.1.73-8.el6_8                                                       

Complete!

3 서비스 시작

[root@zetawiki ~]# service mysqld start
Initializing MySQL database:  Installing MySQL system tables...
OK
Filling help tables...
OK

To start mysqld at boot time you have to copy
support-files/mysql.server to the right place for your system

PLEASE REMEMBER TO SET A PASSWORD FOR THE MySQL root USER !
To do so, start the server, then issue the following commands:

/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'
/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h jmnote password 'new-password'

Alternatively you can run:
/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

which will also give you the option of removing the test
databases and anonymous user created by default.  This is
strongly recommended for production servers.

See the manual for more instructions.

You can start the MySQL daemon with:
cd /usr ; /usr/bin/mysqld_safe &

You can test the MySQL daemon with mysql-test-run.pl
cd /usr/mysql-test ; perl mysql-test-run.pl

Please report any problems with the /usr/bin/mysqlbug script!

                                                           [  OK  ]
Starting mysqld:                                           [  OK  ]

4 패스워드 지정

  • MySQL의 root계정[1] 패스워드를 P@ssw0rd로 지정하는 예시
[root@zetawiki ~]#/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation




NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!


In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): 
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n]
New password: P@ssw0rd
Re-enter new password: P@ssw0rd
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!


By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]
 ... Success!

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...



All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MySQL!

5 로컬 접속 확인

[root@zetawiki ~]# mysql -uroot -p
Enter password: P@ssw0rd
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 4
Server version: 5.1.71 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql              |
+--------------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> exit
Bye

6 부팅시 자동시작 설정

[root@zetawiki ~]# chkconfig --list mysqld
mysqld         	0:off	1:off	2:off	3:off	4:off	5:off	6:off
[root@zetawiki ~]# chkconfig mysqld on
[root@zetawiki ~]# chkconfig --list mysqld 
mysqld         	0:off	1:off	2:on	3:on	4:on	5:on	6:off


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