2009. 11. 14. 13:03

SQL Server 인스턴스 간에 로그인 및 암호를 전송하는 방법


M/S 에서는 SQL 인스턴스간의 계정&암호를 전송하는 방법에 대한 스크립트를 support.microsoft.com 을 통해서 알려주고 있습니다.

매번 사용할때마다 찾기는 귀찮아 기재합니다.

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/246133

다음 쿼리문을 실행하여 나타나는 결과물을 이동 하려는 SQL 서버에 쿼리문 실행하면 간단합니다.
물론 SID 값등이 맞지 않아 아래와 같은 오류가 발생하기도 하지만 간단하게 처리할수 있습니다. 앞에서 언급한 M/S 문서를 참고하시기 바랍니다.

이동 하려려는 SQL 서버에 쿼리문을 넣을때 NT 계정등은 삭제하여 순수 SQL 계정만 생성하는 쎈스를 잊지마세요 ^^

SQL 7.0 -> SQL 7.0
SQL 7.0 -> SQL 2000
SQL 2000 -> SQL 2000


SQL 7.0 / SQL 2000 -> SQL 2005 (방법 2를 참고하시기 바랍니다.)




SQL 2005 -> SQL 2005
방법 1)

USE master
GO
IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_hexadecimal') IS NOT NULL
  DROP PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal
    @binvalue varbinary(256),
    @hexvalue varchar (514) OUTPUT
AS
DECLARE @charvalue varchar (514)
DECLARE @i int
DECLARE @length int
DECLARE @hexstring char(16)
SELECT @charvalue = '0x'
SELECT @i = 1
SELECT @length = DATALENGTH (@binvalue)
SELECT @hexstring = '0123456789ABCDEF'
WHILE (@i <= @length)
BEGIN
  DECLARE @tempint int
  DECLARE @firstint int
  DECLARE @secondint int
  SELECT @tempint = CONVERT(int, SUBSTRING(@binvalue,@i,1))
  SELECT @firstint = FLOOR(@tempint/16)
  SELECT @secondint = @tempint - (@firstint*16)
  SELECT @charvalue = @charvalue +
    SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @firstint+1, 1) +
    SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @secondint+1, 1)
  SELECT @i = @i + 1
END

SELECT @hexvalue = @charvalue
GO
 
IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_help_revlogin') IS NOT NULL
  DROP PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin @login_name sysname = NULL AS
DECLARE @name sysname
DECLARE @type varchar (1)
DECLARE @hasaccess int
DECLARE @denylogin int
DECLARE @is_disabled int
DECLARE @PWD_varbinary  varbinary (256)
DECLARE @PWD_string  varchar (514)
DECLARE @SID_varbinary varbinary (85)
DECLARE @SID_string varchar (514)
DECLARE @tmpstr  varchar (1024)
DECLARE @is_policy_checked varchar (3)
DECLARE @is_expiration_checked varchar (3)

DECLARE @defaultdb sysname
 
IF (@login_name IS NULL)
  DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR

      SELECT p.sid, p.name, p.type, p.is_disabled, p.default_database_name, l.hasaccess, l.denylogin FROM 
sys.server_principals p LEFT JOIN sys.syslogins l
      ON ( l.name = p.name ) WHERE p.type IN ( 'S', 'G', 'U' ) AND p.name <> 'sa'
ELSE
  DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR


      SELECT p.sid, p.name, p.type, p.is_disabled, p.default_database_name, l.hasaccess, l.denylogin FROM 
sys.server_principals p LEFT JOIN sys.syslogins l
      ON ( l.name = p.name ) WHERE p.type IN ( 'S', 'G', 'U' ) AND p.name = @login_name
OPEN login_curs

FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @type, @is_disabled, @defaultdb, @hasaccess, @denylogin
IF (@@fetch_status = -1)
BEGIN
  PRINT 'No login(s) found.'
  CLOSE login_curs
  DEALLOCATE login_curs
  RETURN -1
END
SET @tmpstr = '/* sp_help_revlogin script '
PRINT @tmpstr
SET @tmpstr = '** Generated ' + CONVERT (varchar, GETDATE()) + ' on ' + @@SERVERNAME + ' */'
PRINT @tmpstr
PRINT ''
WHILE (@@fetch_status <> -1)
BEGIN
  IF (@@fetch_status <> -2)
  BEGIN
    PRINT ''
    SET @tmpstr = '-- Login: ' + @name
    PRINT @tmpstr
    IF (@type IN ( 'G', 'U'))
    BEGIN -- NT authenticated account/group

      SET @tmpstr = 'CREATE LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' FROM WINDOWS WITH DEFAULT_DATABASE = [' + @defaultdb + ']'
    END
    ELSE BEGIN -- SQL Server authentication
        -- obtain password and sid
            SET @PWD_varbinary = CAST( LOGINPROPERTY( @name, 'PasswordHash' ) AS varbinary (256) )
        EXEC sp_hexadecimal @PWD_varbinary, @PWD_string OUT
        EXEC sp_hexadecimal @SID_varbinary,@SID_string OUT
 
        -- obtain password policy state
        SELECT @is_policy_checked = CASE is_policy_checked WHEN 1 THEN 'ON' WHEN 0 THEN 'OFF' ELSE NULL END FROM sys.sql_logins WHERE name = @name
        SELECT @is_expiration_checked = CASE is_expiration_checked WHEN 1 THEN 'ON' WHEN 0 THEN 'OFF' ELSE NULL END FROM sys.sql_logins WHERE name = @name
 
            SET @tmpstr = 'CREATE LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' WITH PASSWORD = ' + @PWD_string + ' HASHED, SID = ' + @SID_string + ', DEFAULT_DATABASE = [' + @defaultdb + ']'

        IF ( @is_policy_checked IS NOT NULL )
        BEGIN
          SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + ', CHECK_POLICY = ' + @is_policy_checked
        END
        IF ( @is_expiration_checked IS NOT NULL )
        BEGIN
          SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + ', CHECK_EXPIRATION = ' + @is_expiration_checked
        END
    END
    IF (@denylogin = 1)
    BEGIN -- login is denied access
      SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; DENY CONNECT SQL TO ' + QUOTENAME( @name )
    END
    ELSE IF (@hasaccess = 0)
    BEGIN -- login exists but does not have access
      SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; REVOKE CONNECT SQL TO ' + QUOTENAME( @name )
    END
    IF (@is_disabled = 1)
    BEGIN -- login is disabled
      SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '; ALTER LOGIN ' + QUOTENAME( @name ) + ' DISABLE'
    END
    PRINT @tmpstr
  END

  FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @type, @is_disabled, @defaultdb, @hasaccess, @denylogin
   END
CLOSE login_curs
DEALLOCATE login_curs
RETURN 0
GO




EXEC sp_help_revlogin




 
 

SQL 7.0 / SQL 2000 -> SQL 2005

방법 2)
USE master
GO
IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_hexadecimal') IS NOT NULL
DROP PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal
@binvalue varbinary(256),
@hexvalue varchar(256) OUTPUT
AS
DECLARE @charvalue varchar(256)
DECLARE @i int
DECLARE @length int
DECLARE @hexstring char(16)
SELECT @charvalue = '0x'
SELECT @i = 1
SELECT @length = DATALENGTH (@binvalue)
SELECT @hexstring = '0123456789ABCDEF'
WHILE (@i <= @length)
BEGIN
DECLARE @tempint int
DECLARE @firstint int
DECLARE @secondint int
SELECT @tempint = CONVERT(int, SUBSTRING(@binvalue,@i,1))
SELECT @firstint = FLOOR(@tempint/16)
SELECT @secondint = @tempint - (@firstint*16)
SELECT @charvalue = @charvalue +
SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @firstint+1, 1) +
SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @secondint+1, 1)
SELECT @i = @i + 1
END
SELECT @hexvalue = @charvalue
GO

IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_help_revlogin_2000_to_2005') IS NOT NULL
DROP PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin_2000_to_2005
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin_2000_to_2005

@login_name sysname = NULL,
@include_db bit = 0,
@include_role bit = 0

AS
DECLARE @name sysname
DECLARE @xstatus int
DECLARE @binpwd varbinary (256)
DECLARE @dfltdb varchar (256)
DECLARE @txtpwd sysname
DECLARE @tmpstr varchar (256)
DECLARE @SID_varbinary varbinary(85)
DECLARE @SID_string varchar(256)

IF (@login_name IS NULL)
DECLARE login_curs CURSOR STATIC FOR
SELECT sid, [name], xstatus, password, isnull(db_name(dbid), 'master')
FROM master.dbo.sysxlogins
WHERE srvid IS NULL AND
[name] <> 'sa'
ELSE
DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR
SELECT sid, [name], xstatus, password, isnull(db_name(dbid), 'master')
FROM master.dbo.sysxlogins
WHERE srvid IS NULL AND
[name] = @login_name

OPEN login_curs

FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus, @binpwd, @dfltdb

IF (@@fetch_status = -1)
BEGIN
PRINT 'No login(s) found.'
CLOSE login_curs
DEALLOCATE login_curs
RETURN -1
END

SET @tmpstr = '/* sp_help_revlogin script '
PRINT @tmpstr
SET @tmpstr = '** Generated '
+ CONVERT (varchar, GETDATE()) + ' on ' + @@SERVERNAME + ' */'
PRINT @tmpstr
PRINT ''
PRINT ''
PRINT ''
PRINT '/***** CREATE LOGINS *****/'

WHILE @@fetch_status = 0
BEGIN
PRINT ''
SET @tmpstr = '-- Login: ' + @name
PRINT @tmpstr

IF (@xstatus & 4) = 4
BEGIN -- NT authenticated account/group
IF (@xstatus & 1) = 1
BEGIN -- NT login is denied access
SET @tmpstr = '' --'EXEC master..sp_denylogin ''' + @name + ''''
PRINT @tmpstr
END
ELSE
BEGIN -- NT login has access
SET @tmpstr = 'IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.server_principals WHERE [name] = ''' + @name + ''')'
PRINT @tmpstr
SET @tmpstr = CHAR(9) + 'CREATE LOGIN [' + @name + '] FROM WINDOWS'
PRINT @tmpstr
END
END
ELSE
BEGIN -- SQL Server authentication
EXEC sp_hexadecimal @SID_varbinary, @SID_string OUT

IF (@binpwd IS NOT NULL)
BEGIN -- Non-null password
EXEC sp_hexadecimal @binpwd, @txtpwd OUT
SET @tmpstr = 'CREATE LOGIN [' + @name + '] WITH PASSWORD=' + @txtpwd + ' HASHED'
END
ELSE
BEGIN -- Null password
SET @tmpstr = 'CREATE LOGIN [' + @name + '] WITH PASSWORD='''''
END

SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + ', CHECK_POLICY=OFF, SID=' + @SID_string
PRINT @tmpstr
END

FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus, @binpwd, @dfltdb
END

IF @include_db = 1
BEGIN
PRINT ''
PRINT ''
PRINT ''
PRINT '/***** SET DEFAULT DATABASES *****/'

FETCH FIRST FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus, @binpwd, @dfltdb

WHILE @@fetch_status = 0
BEGIN
PRINT ''
SET @tmpstr = '-- Login: ' + @name
PRINT @tmpstr

SET @tmpstr = 'ALTER LOGIN [' + @name + '] WITH DEFAULT_DATABASE=[' + @dfltdb + ']'
PRINT @tmpstr

FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus, @binpwd, @dfltdb
END
END

IF @include_role = 1
BEGIN
PRINT ''
PRINT ''
PRINT ''
PRINT '/***** SET SERVER ROLES *****/'

FETCH FIRST FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus, @binpwd, @dfltdb

WHILE @@fetch_status = 0
BEGIN
PRINT ''
SET @tmpstr = '-- Login: ' + @name
PRINT @tmpstr

IF @xstatus &16 = 16 -- sysadmin
BEGIN
SET @tmpstr = 'exec master.dbo.sp_addsrvrolemember @loginame=''' + @name + ''', @rolename=''sysadmin'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END

IF @xstatus &32 = 32 -- securityadmin
BEGIN
SET @tmpstr = 'exec master.dbo.sp_addsrvrolemember @loginame=''' + @name + ''', @rolename=''securityadmin'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END

IF @xstatus &64 = 64 -- serveradmin
BEGIN
SET @tmpstr = 'exec master.dbo.sp_addsrvrolemember @loginame=''' + @name + ''', @rolename=''serveradmin'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END

IF @xstatus &128 = 128 -- setupadmin
BEGIN
SET @tmpstr = 'exec master.dbo.sp_addsrvrolemember @loginame=''' + @name + ''', @rolename=''setupadmin'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END

IF @xstatus &256 = 256 --processadmin
BEGIN
SET @tmpstr = 'exec master.dbo.sp_addsrvrolemember @loginame=''' + @name + ''', @rolename=''processadmin'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END

IF @xstatus &512 = 512 -- diskadmin
BEGIN
SET @tmpstr = 'exec master.dbo.sp_addsrvrolemember @loginame=''' + @name + ''', @rolename=''diskadmin'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END

IF @xstatus &1024 = 1024 -- dbcreator
BEGIN
SET @tmpstr = 'exec master.dbo.sp_addsrvrolemember @loginame=''' + @name + ''', @rolename=''dbcreator'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END

IF @xstatus &4096 = 4096 -- bulkadmin
BEGIN
SET @tmpstr = 'exec master.dbo.sp_addsrvrolemember @loginame=''' + @name + ''', @rolename=''bulkadmin'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END

FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus, @binpwd, @dfltdb
END
END

CLOSE login_curs
DEALLOCATE login_curs
RETURN 0
GO

exec sp_help_revlogin_2000_to_2005 @login_name=NULL, @include_db=1, @include_role=1
GO
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